- What is Child Support:
Child support is financial support provided by the noncustodial parent.
It includes cash payments based on the parent's income and the needs
of the child,health insurance, payments for child care, and payments for
reasonable health care costs not covered by health insurance.
Under New York law, parents are responsible for supporting their children
until the child is 21 years old. The state has a child support program
which can collect and distribute child support payments and enforce orders
when payments are not made. A parent, guardian, caretaker of a child,
or child who needs support can apply for these services.
- Child Support Guidelines:
The court uses a guideline to calculate what the noncustodial parent will
pay, based on the noncustodial parent's adjusted gross income and
on the number of children involved, after making deductions such as Medicare,
social security and New York City tax.
Then the adjusted gross income is multiplied by the standard guideline
percentage for the number of children as follows:
- 17% for one child;
- 25% for two children;
- 29% for three children;
- 31% for four children; and
- at least 35% for five or more children.
Then the noncustodial parent's share of these expenses is added to
the income percentage amount and the combined amount plus expenses, is
the basic child support amount. This formula is applied to the first $148,000
of joint parental income. For combined parental income over this amount,
the court may consider either the standard guideline amount and/or other
factors in determining the child support obligation.
- Who Pays Child Support:
All parents have a legal responsibility to support their dependent children
to the extent that they can. A parent with custody usually has most of
the day-to-day expenses of child-raising, and may be entitled to receive
child support from the other parent. This entitlement to child support
may continue even if the custodial parent remarries or starts to live
with someone else.
- When Does Child Support End:
Dependent children are entitled to child support.
A dependent child is any child under the age of 18, unless:
- the child has married, or
- the child is 16 years of age or over and has voluntarily withdrawn from
parental control Child support might also continue after a child turns
18 years of age if the child is unable to be self-supporting because he or she:
- has a disability or illness, or
- is still going to school full-time.
- When to Apply for Child Support:
If children are living with a parent after their parents have separated,
the parent can apply for child support. This usually happens after a separation
that leads to divorce. I often suggest filing for child support and custody
at the same time.
It is important to address these issues as soon as possible.
A parent can apply for custody and support even while living separately
under the same roof after their relationship with the other parent is
over. But usually the court will not make any order for custody and support
until one parent has actually moved out.
If you have questions about child support or need help obtaining child
support please call me. I will discuss the child support guidelines with you.
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